Family Names

Tuesday, 13 September 2016

Martha's Convict Connections - hiding the truth

Martha Carbis is my 3 x great grandmother.  On her Australian death certificate it states that her father’s name was Richard Carbis and his occupation ‘mariner’. Her Mother‘s name was Ann maiden name unknown.[i]   Martha married my 3 x great grandfather John Bassett  in 1812 in Paul, Cornwall.[ii]
As death certificates are not a reliable source of information, other clues were sought to verify Martha’s parent’s names. On inspection of the Banns entry it was noted that one of the witnesses on the Banns was a Daniel Drew.
Further research was then conducted to try and find a Carbis man who married a woman whose maiden name was Drew. Eventually a William Carbis who married an Ann Drew was located.[iii]  Amongst their children was a Martha Carbis who had the same year of birth as my 3 x great grandmother.

William Carbis and Ann Drew had five children, all were baptised in the Paul Parish Church
  1. Ann Drew CARBIS 14 Nov 1784[iv]
  2. William Carbice 10th May 1789[v]
  3. Martha CARBENCE 7th October 1792[vi]
  4. Martha CARBIS 5th October 1794[vii] (my 3xgreatgrandmother)
  5. Richard CARBIS 17th August 1797[viii]


 
Figure 1 Steve Rigg, The Parish Church of St Pol de Leon, 2005.   Source Wikimedia Commons. Accessed 13 September 2016. http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/34895 © Copyright (CC BY-SA 2.0) 

The idea that my 3 x greatgrandmother Martha’s father was William Carbis rather than Richard Carbis is supported by the following 3 points: 

1.       The change of her father’s Christian name was an attempt to hide family Convict connections.
A family story through the generations was that one of the early Bassett brothers (which generation this concerned was not clear) was charged for horse stealing in Cornwall but managed to escape to France/America and was never caught. Following this lead led us to look for some evidence of criminal activity.
The real story turned out to be much more interesting than the family legend after all.
In an article that appeared in The West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser   on the 7th April 1815 and another in the Royal Gazette on the 22nd April 1815 it appears that William Carbis  was involved in sheep stealing.
William Carbis, sen., William Carbis jun., and Francis Bassett, (a father, son and son-in-law), were indicted for stealing two ewe sheep belonging to Miss Borlase, of Madron, in December 1812
"The bill" was found by the Grand Jury in the Crown Bar during the Lent Assizes in 1813. However the proceedings were suspended as the accused had absconded. According to a report in the "West Briton & Cornwall Advertiser", when the constables went to arrest them they were unable to execute their warrants, as all three men had gone to sea. 
Figure 2 Richard Croft, Aerial view of Paul and Mousehole, 2010. Source Wikimedia Commons. Accessed 13 September 2016. http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/1961122 © Copyright (CC BY-SA 2.0)

Based on the newspaper story we were able to link Martha with her family as demonstrated below through their connections with William Carbis (in the newspaper referred as William Carbis sen.)  and his five children with his wife Ann Drew the 3 connections are confirmed.
It is hard to know if this was her father’s first foray into criminal activity. Martha was married 9 months before this event took place  and perhaps the shame was so great for Martha that she changed her father’s name, using her youngest brother’s first name to conceal her relationship? The white lie helped to distance hers from her father’s misdeeds (?). Once in Australia people were unaware of the families criminal and convict connections and only a vague tale of horse theft remained attributed to no-one in particular as a small reminder of what had been left behind. 

2.       Naming Patterns of the times as explained below were common practice between 1700 and 1875. Both the Carbis and Bassett families seem to have used them as evidenced by certain names recurring down through the generations. By using these patterns in tracing back from the children of John Bassett and Martha Carbis it is quite possible that John’s fathers name is William Bassett and as confirmed Martha’s fathers name is William.
Naming Patterns 1700-1875[ix]
The first Son was named after the fathers father (Marthas oldest son is John)
Second son named after mothers father (Marthas second son is William)
Third son named after the father
Fourth son named after fathers eldest brother
First daughter named after mothers mother
Second daughter named after fathers mother
Third daughter named after mother
Fourth daughter named after mothers eldest sister
Exceptions to the pattern occur when the naming system produced a duplication of names.
In that case, the name was taken from the next on the list.
Another break in the pattern could be caused by a death.
If a child died in infancy, then the parents would name the subsequent new born the same name 

3.    The informant for the death certificate was not a family member, and would not have knowledge of the background of Martha Bassett nee Carbis. 

Based on the above evidence I have come to the conclusion that Martha’s parents were most likely William Carbis and Ann Drew of the Paul Parish, Cornwall.

Links
Learn more about Martha’s Ancestral family
  • ·         To see clippings of the baptismal records for the children Click here 
  • ·         To find out more details about Martha’s fathers life after being transported to Australia in 1816 Click here 

Edit History
  1. This article was originally published in Familytreecircles on 23 Oct 2007 at   (and was updated on 13/09/2016)
  2. A shorter extract was also published on my blog here on Saturday, 12 January 2013 

Sources

Images
Figure 1 - Steve Rigg, The Parish Church of St Pol de Leon, 2005   Source Wikimedia Commons. Accessed 13 September 2016. http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/34895 © Copyright (CC BY-SA 2.0)

Figure 2 - Richard Croft, Aerial view of Paul and Mousehole, 2010. Source Wikimedia Commons. Accessed 13 September 2016. http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/1961122 © Copyright (CC BY-SA 2.0)

Documents


[i] Death certificate of Martha Bassett, died 20 march 1882, Registrar if Births, Deaths and Marriages Victoria, 1295/1882
[ii] FamilySearch, Marriage Banns for John Bassett & Martha Carbis, married 15 March 1812 St Paul’s Church, "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," Marriage banns, marriages, 1754-1813, Paul, Cornwall, Cornwall Records Office, Truro. Accessed 14 April 2015 (image 141 of 143, https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-11130-159580-8?cc=1769414)
[iii] FamilySearch, Marriage Banns for William Carbis & Anne Drew, married 29 September 1783, St Paul’s Church, "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," Marriage banns, marriages, 1754-1813, Paul, Cornwall, Cornwall Records Office, Truro. Accessed 14 April 2015 (image 65 of 143, https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-11130-158740-54?cc=1769414 )
[iv] FamilySearch, Baptism of Anne Drew Carbis baptised 14th November 1784, St Paul’s Church, "England, Cornwall and Devon Parish Registers, 1538-2010," Baptisms, burials, Paul , Cornwall 1776-1812, Cornwall Records Office, Truro Accessed 14 April 2015 (image 13 of 82, https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-11597-137203-30?cc=1769414)
[v] FamilySearch, Baptism of William Carbice baptised 10th May 1789, St Paul’s Church, "England, Cornwall and Devon Parish Registers, 1538-2010," Baptisms, burials, Paul , Cornwall 1776-1812, Cornwall Records Office, Truro Accessed 14 April 2015 (image 18 of 82 at https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-11597-140471-83?cc=1769414)
[vi] FamilySearch, Baptism of Martha Carbice baptised 7th October 1792 St Paul’s Church, "England, Cornwall and Devon Parish Registers, 1538-2010," Baptisms, burials, Paul , Cornwall 1776-1812, Cornwall Records Office, Truro Accessed 14 April 2015 (image 21 of 82 at https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-11597-146403-25?cc=1769414)
[vii] FamilySearch, Baptism of Martha Carbis baptised 5th October 1794 St Paul’s Church, "England, Cornwall and Devon Parish Registers, 1538-2010," Baptisms, burials, Paul , Cornwall 1776-1812, Cornwall Records Office, Truro Accessed 14 April 2015 ( image 26 of 82 at https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-11597-144620-24?cc=1769414)
[viii] FamilySearch, Baptism of Richard Carbis baptised 17th August 1797 St Paul’s Church, "England, Cornwall and Devon Parish Registers, 1538-2010," Baptisms, burials, Paul , Cornwall 1776-1812, Cornwall Records Office, Truro Accessed 14 April 2015 (image 30 of 82 at https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-DTJ7-DXZ?i=29&wc=3CBW-PYM%3A138123201%2C140206301%2C1582895306%3Fcc%3D1769414&cc=1769414)
[ix] Baxter, Angus. 1983. Tracing your origins: a complete guide to discovering your English, Welsh, Scottish & Irish ancestors. North Ryde [N.S.W]: Methuen Australia.. 

Saturday, 3 September 2016

The Ebbott Family Farm in the Parish of Fryers

The Ebbott Family owned property in the parish of Fryers, Victoria from 1858 to 1867. They were living in nearby Glenluce (sometimes spelt Glenluse) at the time only 3 miles away. Where they lived in Glenuce is not clear, but when John Ebbott purchased his fourth property in 1859 he was still identified as “John Ebbott of Glenuse” in the paperwork.[i]

John Ebbott purchased the first three lots of land from the crown for the sum of £38-26s-3p near Fryerstown.[ii] The three properties highlighted in yellow were purchased in 1858.



Purchasing an adjoining property

 In 1859 John advertised the sale of 50 head of cattle.[iii]

Soon after selling 50 head of cattle he purchased his last property in 1859 marked on the above map in orange.[iv]


The Challenges of Developing his property

As the purchaser of Crown land John Ebbott would have secured uncleared land. His first task would have been to clear the land, and fence it before deciding the type of farming he was going to conduct. The struggle to develop the farm must have been great as we see him going into debt possibly buying equipment from McMillan & Padley.



Perhaps it was a case of misunderstanding as a month later he became “one of the trustees of the land reserved for the use of the Wesleyan Church in Chewton”[v]

Farming life was very harsh as alluded to in his biography after his death “a great trial of affliction, when the plague devoured his cattle, and fire consumed his homestead”[vi] It must been heartbreaking to survive the death of his cattle only to have the fires come through in 1865. Not alone he was “among those who were burned out on the “Black Monday” of 1865.[vii] In a letter sent to the Mount Alexander Mail concerning the Black Monday Fires in 1865 the author talks of Mr J Ebbott’s farm, “seven years' hard labor in improving a farm, ..... fences, stockyards, hay-stacks, corn, &c.,”[viii]
Sadly John died two years after the fires. In spite of his hardships John Ebbott was a much revered figure in the community and “has been mentioned before as a class leader and spiritual father, at Chapel Hill” in Frysterown.[ix]



It is difficult to know whether John Ebbott and his family every lived on this property although once the farm became established after a few years they may have moved from Glenluce onto the property.

After the sale and settlement of the land his widow Sarah "Sally" moved to Eaglehawk and purchased property allotment 116 Section M in California Gully, Eaglehawk.[x]


Links


This story is part of the NFHM Blogging Challenge - Week 4



[i] Victorian Crown Land Purchases, County of Talbot, 1859/50915, John Ebbott
[ii] Victorian Crown Land Purchases, County of Talbot, 1858/50914, 1858/50908 & 1859/50915, John Ebbott
[iii] Advertising (1859, May 27). Mount Alexander Mail (Vic. : 1854 - 1917), p. 1. Retrieved August 27, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article199049272
[iv] LAND SALE AT CASTLEMAINE. (1859, July 22).Mount Alexander Mail (Vic. : 1854 - 1917), p. 5. Retrieved August 27, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article199050151
[v] GOVERNMENT GAZETTE. (1861, October 5).The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved August 28, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article154899510
[vi] Biography Mr John Ebbott, (1867) The Wesleyan Chronicle for the Year 1867,: 2nd Series:Vol. VII. Vol.X. from the commencement. P.unkn
[vii] MONTHLY LETTER (1865, March 24). Mount Alexander Mail (Vic. : 1854 - 1917), p. 2. Retrieved August 28, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article207001730
[viii] CORRESPONDENCE. (1865, March 28). Mount Alexander Mail (Vic. : 1854 - 1917), p. 2. Retrieved August 28, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article207000884
[ix] THE GAZETTE. (1861, October 5). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 5. Retrieved August 30, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5704750
[x] Annette O'Donohue & Bev Hanson, Eaglehawk & District Pioneer Register Volume 2 -D~I (Maiden Gully, Vic. : A.M. O'Donohue, 1995<1998>), Pioneer #2342 p.330. .... Victorian Land Title, Volume 238 Folio 12 Jul 1873.

Bibliography

Advertising (1857, May 20). Mount Alexander Mail (Vic. : 1854 - 1917), p. 3. Retrieved August 30, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article197085718
Advertising (1859, May 27). Mount Alexander Mail (Vic. : 1854 - 1917), p. 1. Retrieved August 30, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article199049272
Advertising (1867, July 1). Mount Alexander Mail (Vic. : 1854 - 1917), p. 3. Retrieved August 30, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article198647987
Annette O'Donohue & Bev Hanson, Eaglehawk & District Pioneer Register Volume 2 -D~I (Maiden Gully, Vic. : A.M. O'Donohue, 1995<1998>), Pioneer #2342 p.330, John Ebbott
Biography Mr John Ebbott, (1867) The Wesleyan Chronicle for the Year 1867,: 2nd Series:Vol. VII. Vol.X. from the commencement. P.unkn
COUNTY COURT. (1861, September 27). Mount Alexander Mail (Vic. : 1854 - 1917), p. 5. Retrieved August 30, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article197096893
CORRESPONDENCE. (1865, March 28). Mount Alexander Mail (Vic. : 1854 - 1917), p. 2. Retrieved August 28, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article207000884
F.E. Hiscocks & Co. 1874, F.E. Hiscocks & Co.'s new Victorian counties atlas, 1874 together with map of Victoria, indicating roads, distances, relative position of counties, &c G. Robertson, Melbourne page 14, viewed 27 August 2016 http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-231008711 (Original Image - Public Domain; cropped & Annotated to highlight Glenluce, Chewton & Fryerstown) (CC BY-SA 4.0)
GOVERNMENT GAZETTE. (1861, October 5).The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved August 28, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article154899510
LAND SALE AT CASTLEMAINE. (1859, July 22).Mount Alexander Mail (Vic. : 1854 - 1917), p. 5. Retrieved August 27, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article199050151
MONTHLY LETTER (1865, March 24). Mount Alexander Mail (Vic. : 1854 - 1917), p. 2. Retrieved August 28, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article207001730
Parish Map of Fyers, source not known, cropped and annotated
Victorian Crown Land Purchases, County of Talbot, 1858/6166, John Ebbott
Victorian Crown Land Purchases, County of Talbot, 1858/50908, John Ebbott
Victorian Crown Land Purchases, County of Talbot, 1858/50914, John Ebbott
Victorian Crown Land Purchases, County of Talbot, 1859/50915, John Ebbott
Victorian Crown Land Purchases, County of Talbot, 1859/50915, John Ebbott
Victorian Land Title, County of Talbot, Volume 238 Folio 47448, Sarah Ebbott

Sunday, 21 August 2016

Wagga Wagga Voluntary Aid Detachment

Was Grandma a member of the Wagga Wagga Voluntary Aid Detachment?


My grandmother, known to most of her friends as Rita, was born Margaret Edith Jacka in the year 1900 to parents Edwin Knight Jacka and Elizabeth Ebbott.[i]  Margaret married John (aka Jack) Williamson at the age of 22 (he was eight years her senior)  in 1922 at The Methodist Church in Hamilton, New South Wales.[ii] By 1937 the couple were living in Wagga Wagga, NSW.[iii]
World War II began in 1939, and although not confirmed, it is thought that the couple were still residing in Wagga Wagga with their 3 children, John, Margaret and Dorothy who ranged in age from 7 to 14.
She “was active in the Methodist Church, despite her husband’s protestations.  In fact, a lot of what she did seemed to be in spite of Jack.  In the Second World War she joined the Voluntary Aid Detachment, and he wasn’t too keen on that.”[iv] Maybe the call is what inspired Rita join the VAD.  It was certainly reported and advertised widely in the press.

Did she answer the call for volunteers in 1939 to support the local war effort?



Figure 2 Excerpt from the Daily Advertiser, 1939


The photo below shows a street parade of marching women that includes my grandmother. The photo indicates that she might have been a member of the Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) in 1939 as not all the women are in strict uniform.

Figure 1 Photographer Unknown, Street Parade, possibly in Wagga Wagga, c1940, scanned image

What was the Wagga Wagga VAD?

“The Wagga Wagga VAD was strong and valuable with 143 members in total over the World War II period.  It was a military based organisation carrying out medical assistance at the various military camps and bases as well as Wagga Wagga hospitals (including the public Wagga Base Hospital and the private hospitals, Welwyn and Lewisham). They were also active in non-medical voluntary activities and in fundraising, with most proceeds going to the Australian Red Cross Society.”[v] “The Wagga Wagga VAD also raised funds for the Mayor’s Patriotic and War Fund and the Australian Comforts Fund, along with other local organisations.”[vi]

What was Grandma’s role in the Wagga Wagga VAD?

Often we think of war as being at the battle fronts, and perhaps this is why it is so difficult to find out what Rita’s role was in the VAD. But she, along with other volunteers2, made a world of difference to those training and preparing to leave, and those away or returning. 
It is these unsung heroes and heroines that I admire, the ones whose stories we struggle to tell. It is their strong steadfast support that makes everything else possible.




Links

This story is part of the NFHM Blogging Challenge - Week 3

Sources
Images
Figure 1 Photographer Unknown, Street Parade, possibly in Wagga Wagga, c1940, scanned image
Figure 2 Excerpt from STRIKING RESPONSE BY WOMEN OF WAGGA (1939, September 19). Daily Advertiser (Wagga Wagga, NSW : 1911 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved August 21, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article144244315

Documents


[i] Victorian Birth Certificate, District of Brunswick, 1900/1238, Margaret Edith Jacka
[ii] NSW Marriage Certificate, district of Sydney, 1922/11616,  John Aaron Palmer Williamson & Margaret Edith Jacka
[iii] Ancestry.com. Australia, Electoral Rolls, 1903-1980 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010. Subdistrict: Wagga Wagga, Year 1937 Entries #8241 John Palmer Williamson & #8245 Margaret Edith Williamson Citing Original data: Australian Electoral Commission. [Electoral roll].
[iv] Christine Filliamundi, Memories of Grandma Williamson 20150108v2, unpublished essay, 2015; Helen Condon, personal communication with the author, 2006
[v] Kathleen Linder, 'Serving our King and Country' VAs in Wagga Wagga 1939-1946, Charles Sturt University Regional Archives Summer Scholarship Report 2006-2007
[vi] Kathleen Linder, 'Serving our King and Country' VAs in Wagga Wagga 1939-1946, Charles Sturt University Regional Archives Summer Scholarship Report 2006-2007 

Tuesday, 16 August 2016

Wedding photo of Thomas Manderson & Lillian Crump

This photo was taken to mark the wedding of Thomas MANDERSON married Lillian CRUMP in May 1903, Eaglehawk, Victoria[i].

Figure 1 G.L. Massingham, Wedding Photo of Lillian Crump & Thomas Manderson, 1903, scan of original image


Photo Details

Photo Type Mounted Photo on thick card
Photo size 13.8cm x 20cm
[5.11in x 7.87in]
Card size Unknown
Card Colour Natural
Card Edges straight cut
Border Single thick impressed line
Front Imprint G.L.Missingham, View Street, Bendigo
Photo Technology Cabinet Card


Background of the photo

Date of Photograph Thought to have been taken May 1903 either shortly before or after the couple were married in Garsed Street, Bendigo, Victoria, Australia
Venue of photograph The photo was most likely taken in the G.L.Missingham studios. This studio were widely advertised almost on a weekly basis and sometimes more often
Photographer · Photographer's name printed beneath image as “G.L. Massingham View Street Bendigo”
Personal notations Notation 1 on the back of the photo “Lillian Crump & Thomas Manderson on their wedding day”
Archive Reference B021
Provenance Myrtle Sharp's Private Photo Collection currently held by Sandra Williamson

An advertisement for the photographer in 1903 

Figure 2 Advertising (1903, May 6). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), , p. 4. Retrieved August 16, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88570169

Image Contents

Portrait of two people - seated Lillian Crump, standing Thomas Manderson

Links

To read more about about Thomas Manderson & Lillian Manderson's wedding click here
To read more about Thomas Manderson & Lillian Manderson's wedding venue click here


[i] Victorian Marriage Certificate, District of Bendigo, 1903/2358, Thomas Manderson and Lillian Crump


Monday, 15 August 2016

Venue for a Wedding “Springhurst” in Garsed St, Bendigo

There is a place in Bendigo called “Springhurst” in Garsed St., where at least two of the three daughters of Theophilus CRUMP & Kate DUTTON were married.

Their names were Minnie Grace CRUMP (married in 1897) and Lillian May CRUMP (married in 1903) both girls were 19 at the time of their marriages. The ministers on each occasion were different but both of the Methodist persuasion. Both girls were several years junior to their grooms, in the case of Minnie there was an 11 year gap.

At both weddings their father Theophilus gave written consent to allow his daughters to be legally married, he was also present at the ceremony. It appears although the weddings were performed by ministers of religion they were not performed in a church.

According to my research Garsed St. appears to be some sort of marriage office in Bendigo. It may also have been some sort of refuge or possibly lying in hospital for women. I have based my tentative conclusion on the advertisements that I have found in Bendigo newspapers between 1895 and 1903

Advertising (1896, February 18). The Bendigo Independent (Vic. : 1891 - 1918), , p. 3. Retrieved August 16, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article181514043


Below I have listed excerpts from some of the advertisements that I found plus an article to support my contention as follows:-

  1. “Witnesses provided. No notice required”[i]
  2. “No second charge. Witnesses provided. Strictly select and private”[ii]
  3. “Witnesses provided free. No notice required. Private. Call or correspond” [iii]
  4. “Lady Help wanted; young, strong, Christian, knowledge of nursing. Good home, fair wages. “Springhurst,” 45 Garsed-street, Bendigo”[iv]
  5. In a divorce case of DORE & DORE in 1903 it was referred to “a matrimonial office in Garsed-street.”[v]
  6. “GOAT’S Milk wanted, one quart daily, 4d per quart, delivered at house. "Springhurst,” 45 Garsed street, Bendigo”[vi]

Of course my conclusions may be wrong which is why I would love to know more to either prove or disprove my theory. Is there anyone out there who knows more about this establishment?

Links

To learn more about Lillian Crumps wedding click here

Sources


[i] Advertising (1895, May 30). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), , p. 3. Retrieved August 15, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88953953
[ii] Advertising (1896, October 27). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), , p. 4. Retrieved August 16, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88992546
[iii] Advertising (1896, February 18). The Bendigo Independent (Vic. : 1891 - 1918), , p. 3. Retrieved August 16, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article181514043
[iv] Advertising (1896, June 10). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), , p. 3. Retrieved August 16, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88987567
[v] A BENDIGO DIVORCE CASE. (1903, June 25). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), , p. 4. Retrieved August 15, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88574610
[vi] Advertising (1896, September 12). The Bendigo Independent (Vic. : 1891 - 1918), , p. 3. Retrieved August 16, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article184007628

Victorian Birth Certificate, District of Eaglehawk, Lillian Crump
Victorian Marriage Certificate, District of Bendigo, 1903/2358, Thomas Manderson & Lillian Crump
Victorian Marriage Certificate, District of Bendigo, 1897/5292, James Clemins Berry & Minnie Grace Crump
Victorian Death Certificate, District of Bendigo, 1930/319, Theophilus Crump
Victorian Death Certificate, District of Blackburn, 1961/15339, Lillian Crump

Sunday, 14 August 2016

Sepia Saturday August 2016 Love & Marriage

Marriage and love don’t always come at the same time. But when love does come hang onto it with both hands like Lillian did.


Thomas MANDERSON married Lillian CRUMP in May 1903 in Eaglehawk, Victoria[i]. Lillian was only 19 years of age, Thomas was six years her senior. 
Figure 1 G.L. Massingham, Wedding Photo of Lillian Crump & Thomas Manderson, 1903, scan of original image.

There are no recorded births for any children to the couple in either Victoria or Western Australia. Thomas listed his usual place of residence as Kalgoolie, Western Australia on their marriage certificate.  Lillian however did go on to have 4 children but none listed Thomas as the father.[ii]  The father of all Lillian CRUMP’s children is thought to have been William BASSETT, but only the two youngest children William (b.1908) and Gladys Irene (b.1912) have been confirmed.[iii]  No father is listed for the eldest two children Doris Lillian (b.1906) and Myrtle May (b.1907).[iv]

A missing person article appeared in the local Western Australian newspaper in 1906 announcing that a Thomas MANDERSON had been found, locating  the original "Missing Person" article might help to confirm if this is the same Thomas MANDERSON who had married Lillian Crump in 1903.[v]  It is thought that by 1907 Thomas MANDERSON had gone to sea and can be found on the “Empress of Britain” as a crew member and he may have eventually settled in America.[vi]


Lillian was 21 years old when she gave birth to Doris, her eldest child.[vii] Neither Lillian MANDERSON/CRUMP, Thomas MANDERSON or William BASSETT were the informant on either the two eldest children's birth certificates.[viii]  Later Myrtle would say that she had no doubt that William Bassett was her father as the family resemblance was strong. [ix]

William Bassett & Lillian Crump became a couple, possibly around 1905 however they never married.  When Myrtle their second eldest was two years of age (in 1907) the family left Eaglehawk and relocated to Tasmania. William found employment in the mines and their only son, William, was born.[x] They returned to Eaglehawk by 1912 for the birth of their fourth child Gladys Irene.[xi]

When they moved back to Eaglehawk it was thought the couple had married in Tasmania.[xii] Later in life after a bout of illness Lillian insisted that a portrait was taken of her and William to commemorate their union.  Later she would say that William would have nothing to remember her without the portrait.
Figure 2 Photographer Unknown, Formal Portrait of William Bassett & Lillian Crump, c.mid-1920s, scan of original image.

Ironically it would be William who died first of miner’s complaint in 1945.[xiii]

 [click here to read more about the missing person newspaper article for Thomas Manderson]

To read more about the venue for Lillian Crump & Thomas Manderson's click here


References

Images

Figure 1  G.L,Massingham, Wedding Photo of Lillian Crump & Thomas Manderson, 1903
Figure 2  Photographer Unknown, Formal Portrait of William Bassett & Lillian Crump, date unknown

Sources

[i] Victorian Marriage Certificate, District of Bendigo, 1903/2358, Thomas Manderson and Lillian Crump
[ii] NSW Death Certificate, 1964/19504, District of Sutherhland, Lillian BASSETT; Victorian Birth Certificate, District of Eaglehawk, 1906/2600, Doris Lillian MANDERSON, Victorian Birth Certificate, District of Eaglehawk, 1907/10233, Myrtle May MANDERSON; NAA: B883, VX21203 William BASSETT; Victorian Birth Certificate 1912/19781, District of Eaglehawk, Gladys Irene BASSETT
[iii] NAA: B883, VX21203 William BASSETT; Victorian Birth Certificate, 1912/19781, District of Eaglehawk, Gladys Irene BASSETT
[iv] Victorian Birth Certificate, 1906/2600 District of Eaglehawk, Doris Lillian MANDERSON and Victorian Birth Certificate, 1907/10233, District of Eaglehawk, Myrtle May MANDERSON
[v] MISSING FRIENDS (1906, June 30). The Daily News (Perth, WA : 1882 - 1950),Col 6, p. 6 (SECOND EDITION). Retrieved March 31, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article82404925.
[vi] “Liverpool, England, Crew Lists 1861-1919;" Liverpool Record Office, Liverpool, England; digital images, Ancestry.com Operations, Inc, "Crew lists (fishing boats). 387 FIS : 1907,"Ancestry.com (www.Ancestry.com : accessed 24 Mar 2016); Entry for Thomas MANDERSON on the Empress of Britain; U.S., Residents Serving in the British Expeditionary Forces, 1917-1919; War Department. Office of the Provost Marshal General (1917–1919); digital images, Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., Ancestry.com (www.Ancestry.com : accessed 25 Mar 2016) Entry of Thomas MANDERSON; 1920 U.S. census, Mendocino, California, population schedule, Big River Township (part), Big River Precinct 1, Big River Precinct 2, Caspar Precinct, enumeration district (ED) 111, sheet 18B, p. 7015 (image 26 of 27), dwelling 678, family 468, Thomas MANDERSON; digital images,  Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : accessed 25 Mar 2016)
[vii] Victorian Birth Certificate, 1906/2600, District of Eaglehawk, Doris Lillian MANDERSON
[viii] Victorian Birth Certificate, 1906/2600, District of Eaglehawk, Doris Lillian MANDERSON; Victorian Birth Certificate,  1907/10233, District of Eaglehawk, Myrtle May MANDERSON
[ix] Myrtle Sharp, in personal discussion with author, c.2000
[x] NAA: B883, VX21203 William BASSETT
[xi] Victorian Birth Certificate, 1912/19781, District of Eaglehawk, Gladys Irene Bassett
[xii] Myrtle Sharp, in personal discussion with author, c.2000
[xiii] Victorian Death Certificate, 1945/5364, District of St Kilda, William BASSETT

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Originally posted on the 14th August 2016
Updated and revised on 16th August 2016